Nation’s solidarity, integrity and security; progress and prosperity; improvement in common man’s quality of life; stability of democratic institutions; and the substantial reforms in the field of agriculture, trade and industry, education and health, finance and overall economy and judiciary are the cherished goals of Muttahida Qaumi Movement. It seeks to eradicate malpractices, corruption, injustice, atrocity, exploitation, illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, hunger, abuse of drugs and other social vices and crimes through a well-thought out strategy with the sole purpose, not only to make a strong and prosperous Pakistan, but also to establish a social order free from exploitation that ensures justice to the people without any discrimination. The objectives are in conformity with Mr. Altaf Hussain’s philosophy of “realism” and “practicalism”; national unity and harmony; eradication of feudalism and socio-economic inequalities and a curb on arbitrary powers. To achieve these objectives MQM has drawn a multi-pronged strategy.
Muhajirs were the Urdu-speaking Muslims who migrated to Pakistan when the country emerged independent from British India in 1947. Karachi was then home to a very diverse set of ethnicities including Urdu and Gujarati speaking immigrants, Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Baluchis and foreigners from several South Asian countries. However, the majority of the city's population, reportedly over 70 percent, consisted of Sindhi Hindus. Many of the city's Hindus were discriminated against by the post-partition government, and they were driven from their homes in order to facilitate incoming Muslim refugees. Having claimed the homes and businesses of the Sindhi Hindus, Muhajirs advanced in both commerce and the bureaucracy but many resented the quota system which facilitated Sindhis in gaining university slots and civil service jobs. It was this very ethnic rivalry that led to Muhajir political mobilizaton, which was further provoked by the stagnant economy and the condition of Biharis in Bangladesh concentration camps.
Muttahida Quami Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ, English: United National Movement) generally known as MQM, is a liberal political party of Pakistan. It is generally known as a party which holds strong mobilizing potential in Karachi. The student organization, All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO), was founded in 1978 by Altaf Hussain which subsequently gave birth to the Muhajir Quami Movement in 1984.
In 1997, the MQM officially removed the term Muhajir (which denotes the party’s roots among Urdu-speaking Muslims) from its name, and replaced it with Muttahida (“United”).
Mutahida Quami Movement (MQM) is the second largest party in Sindh and the traditionally the third largest in the country, however it currently holds fourth highest number of seats in the National Assembly while maintaining its second position in the Sindh Assembly.