The Jamaat-e-Islami was founded at Islamia Park, Lahore on August 26, 1941 as a movement to promote Socio-Political Islam. 75 people were present at its first meeting. Before the foundation of Jamaat, Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi was known for his writings about the role of Islam in South Asia. A proponent of the ideological state, Maududi played an important and contentious role during the era of Pakistan Movement. His ideology has since been influential among Islamist groups around the world, most famously the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
Abul Ala Maududi adopted Islamist ideology after analyzing many factors including the Khilafat Movement, the end of the Ottoman Caliphate by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the leadership crisis in the Muslim world, Indian Nationalism’s influence over Muslims, and the attitude of the Indian National Congress and Hindus. At last in 1940 (when the All India Muslim League passed the Pakistan Resolution) he propagated among Muslims that they are not just a nation and that their destination is not only the establishment of a national government, but also as a preacher and missionary nation.
Maududi wrote articles about political issues. He gave detailed discussions about nationalism and countered the propaganda of congressional scholars, who were saying that all the people of the sub-continent were one nation, and tried to gather everyone under the leadership of Congress against the British government. Maududi condemned them by saying that these nationalists were asking for the independence which he considered even worse than British rule. He considered them equal to Robert Clive and Arthur Wellesley and Muslims who were following them were not less than Mir Jafar and Mir Sadiq. The situation and circumstances were different, but he believed the nature of the rivalry and treason were the same thing. He not only rejected them but countered them by saying that Nationalism and Communism are not different than the Shuddhi Movement. He said that there was no difference in results and that one should resist all of them. Due to such views of Maududi, Mohammad Iqbal said in one meeting to leave Congress’ scholars for Maududi.
The Jamaat-e-Islami (Urdu: جماعتِ اسلامی;, lit. “Islamic Party” abbreviation, JI) is a social conservative and Islamist political party, advocating for an Islamic and democratic form of government in Pakistan. JI was founded in 1941 in Lahore by Muslim theologian and socio-political philosopher Abul Ala Maududi. The party is led by an Emir (literally Leader), and currently Syed Munawar Hasan is the Emir of JI. JI is headquartered in Mansoorah district, Lahore.
Founded during British control in India, the JI moved its organization after the Indian partition to the newly created state of Pakistan, initially setting up its organizational mass in West-Pakistan. The members who remained in India regrouped to form an independent organization called Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the JI opposed the independence of Bangladesh, but established itself there as an independent political party, the Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami after 1975. The JI maintains close ties with international Muslim groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood. The JI is a vanguard party, its members form an elite with “affiliates” and then “sympathisers” beneath them.
The Jamaat’s objective is establishment of an Islamic state, governed by Sharia law. The JI opposes Ideologies such as capitalism, socialism and secularism, and practices such as bank interest and liberalist social mores, but the party advocates democracy as an integral part of Islamic political ideals.